2020 10 Best Hard Anodized Nonstick Cookware Sets Worth Every Penny

  • by

When it comes to the best crafting material types for hard anodized nonstick cookware, hard anodized aluminum is a popular material used in a variety of cookware because of its benefits compared to other metallic counterparts.

Some of the top benefits include high cooking performance because it is highly conductive, it’s non-reactive to acidity when cooking acidic food, it’s nonstick, and easy to clean.

So how does it differ from just an anodized aluminum?

An anodized aluminum undergoes an electrochemical process that makes the natural layer of oxide to harden the aluminum to resist corrosion. Now, the hard anodized aluminum is a harder and more durable form because of the extended anodizing process.

Hard anodized aluminum is 30% harder than stainless steel.

There have been some skepticism about cookware made of aluminum due to the risk of the chemical compounds such as the perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) which used to be present in nonstick cookware coatings. Yes, plain aluminum is not safe as it is highly reactive to acidic food and can leach a small amount of such chemicals into food.

However, anodized cookware is good; but hard anodized cookware is the best because as mentioned, its layer is a lot harder, durable and corrosion-free which makes up for a more powerful barrier between the aluminum and the food.

All you have to do is to properly store and maintain it by hand washing it with mild dish soap, and putting rubber in between if you are going to stack it.

Hard anodized cookware is fairly expensive, so you might as well take good care of it so that it will last longer.

When choosing your hard anodized cookware, you might also want to look at the differences in each brand.

Some cookware brands have that plain durable hard anodized aluminum base while others have the so-called reinforced materials or systems used aside from hard anodizing, but for a more expensive price.

If you are now ready to invest in hard anodized nonstick cookware set, let us help you shorten your search with these 10 finest options in the market.


Review of the Best Hard Anodized Nonstick Cookware Sets

1. T-fal Ultimate Hard Anodized Nonstick (E765SH) 17 Piece Cookware Set

T-Fal is one of the popular household names when it comes to superior quality cookware and other kitchen appliances. Simply search for cookware reviews and you will never miss T-Fal on the lineup.T-fal Ultimate Hard Anodized Nonstick (E765SH) 17 Piece Cookware Set

To maintain their market presence, they continuously innovate and that is how the E765SH Ultimate Hard Anodized Cookware Set was born.

This range boasts an even stronger and longer-lasting nonstick feature because it is reinforced with titanium (one of the strongest metals on earth).

With a higher durability and scratch resistance than that of a regular hard anodized nonstick, this ultimate range is one of the few nonstick cookware said to withstand the use of metal utensils.

But to be on the safe side, let’s just skip the use of metal utensils in any nonstick to ensure that it will last longer. Go for plastic or wood.

Additionally, this is also dishwasher safe, but again, you might want to skip this process since this Ultimate range is a lot easier to clean and maintain.  Dishwashers tend to break down even the strongest coating over time, especially when you used a harsh dishwashing detergent.

T-fal has a signature unique thermo-spot heat indicator in all its pans, which turns vibrant red when it reaches the optimum temperature for searing and frying.

This can be considered as a very good feature that will help you cook with the right temperature for healthier, juicier, and overall delicious meals.

According to T-Fal, the optimum temperature for the indicator to turn red depends on the pans. For frying pans, it is between 140°C and 195°C while for crepe pans, the temperature should be between 165°C and 240°C.

This is oven safe for up to 400°F, and to complement this feature are the handles that are made of silicone which is very comfortable to hold. These are also riveted to give a 100% secure grip to an extremely hot-filled pan.

The lids are vented to maintain visibility while trapping the optimum level of moisture and heat for perfect cooking.

Features

  • The exterior is hard anodized
  • Interior is a titanium-reinforced nonstick
  • It is dishwasher safe
  • Safe to use in the oven for up to 400°F (Without lids. Lids are goo for up to 350°F only)
  • Temperature indicator on the set
  • Harmful chemical-free (PFOA, Lead, and Cadmium)
  • Built with riveted, heat-resistant silicone handles
  • Comes with vented tempered glass lid
  • Set composition: 8” fry pan; 10.25” fry pan; 11.5” fry pan with lid; 10.25” square griddle; 1-quart saucepan with lid; 2-quart saucepan with lid; 3-quart saucepan with lid; 3.5quart deep sauté; 5-quart dutch oven with lid; 3-quart Steamer Insert with 2-side handles; and egg wonder fry pan

Pros

  • Extremely heavy duty for long term use
  • Alerts you when cookware is preheated
  • Comes in several pieces (17)
  • Toxin-free
  • Safe for use with metal utensils (except whisks and knives)
  • It is an all-in set.
  • The easiest to clean
  • Cannot be warped even at the extreme heat

Cons

  • Not for induction use
  • Available in one color only (Grey)

Customers Feedback

From a majority of the customers’ reviews most users were all satisfied with their purchase and considered this T-fall Ultimate range a value for money and a wise investment. T-Fal cookware has been proven to be a superior quality, durable set that delivers all its promises


2. Rachael Ray Cucina Hard Anodized Nonstick Cookware Pots and Pans Set

If you want to collect quality cookware with a winning aesthetic then this Cucina cookware set by the brand Rachael Ray is a great choice. The brand is known for competing well with top brands like T-fal and  Cuisinart among others for proven sturdiness.

Its non-stick interior is finely crafted while the exterior has a strong construction courtesy of hard anodized aluminum material.

This 12-piece cookware enhances the mood for cooking because of its beautiful hues and the combination of rustic and modern style. It is PFOA-free so there is no reason for concern when using it.

As for safety, the cookware is designed with dual-riveted rubberized handles made of stainless steel together with shatter-resistant glass lids.

Because of the hard anodized exterior, it is suitable for any kind of stovetops, except induction that requires magnetic parts at the bottom.

This range is oven-safe for up to 400°F, but you may want to limit using low to medium heat when cooking to minimize the risk of burning and warping the handles. It is always safe to not go on or beyond the given limit. Just like any other nonstick cookware, the longevity of this range still depends on how you take care of it.

Rachel Ray cookware, anyway, are offered with lifetime warranty once you purchase. This adds guarantee and confidence that the product’s workmanship is designed for a lifetime use under normal household conditions.

Features

  • Seven (3) colors to choose from
  • Built from sturdy anodized aluminum and non stick interior
  • Oven-safe for up to 400°F
  • Secured dual-riveted rubberized stainless steel handles
  • Shatter-resistant glass lids
  • PFOA-free for everyday use
  • 12 Piece Set consists of 1-quart and 3-quart saucepans with lid; 6-quart stockpot with lid; 8.5” and 10” frying pans; 3-quart sauté pan with lid; slotted turner and spoon

Pros

  • Easy-to-cook-with and easy-to-clean nonstick
  • Durable interior and exterior
  • Sleek and colorful finish
  • Dual-riveted for optimum security
  • Oven-safe (to 400° only)
  • Lifetime warranty
  • Non-toxic

Cons

  • Not dishwasher safe
  • Not compatible with metal utensils
  • Cannot be used in induction

Customers Feedback

Some customers highly recommended this range for its durability and design. The color is one of the factors being praised about Rachel Ray’s 12-piece masterpiece because it not only differentiates the product from the standard-colored-counterparts (usually black or grey), but it also uplifts the aesthetic of the kitchen as a whole.


3. Cuisinart  Chef’s Classic Nonstick Hard-Anodized (66-11) 11-Piece Cookware Set

The Cuisinart 66-11 Nonstick Set boasts a hard anodized exterior and a Quantanium non-stick interior – another coating innovation that penetrated the cookware market.Cuisinart  Chef's Classic Nonstick Hard-Anodized (66-11) 11-Piece Cookware Set

But what is Quantanium? Is it safe?

Well, the good news is quantanium is safe. It is a reinforcement of a unique mix of titanium particles to multiple layers that create a more scratch- and abrasion-resistant coating with a great food release.

This range ensures supreme heat distribution.

It is energy efficient because it heats evenly quickly, thus hot spots are prevented. With the quantanium nonstick coating, healthier cooking and easy cleaning are ensured. Pesky food residue is not a problem because it can be easily removed using any non-abrasive cleaning product.

According to the manufacturer, the exterior may tend to show wear over time with continuous use but this will not, in any way, affect the promised superb cooking performance of the cookware.

The cookware is designed with a wide pouring lip for a drip-free pouring experience. It also has measurement marks or filling lines so there is no need to use a measuring cup.

The hard anodized exterior is solid that no air and liquid can pass through and, at the same time, has a sleek finish for an enhanced classic aesthetic.

The handles are also conveniently safe for storage because they have holes that allow you to hang them on a cookware rack. Just be careful about stacking them to avoid scratches in the interior and exterior.

Further, the handles are made using riveted stay-cool stainless steel for comfort. Nevertheless, you have to observe the maximum heat capacity of the cookware since the heat setting determines how long the handles will stay cool.

Please be aware that the shorter the handles are, the faster they can heat up. Cuisinart recommends cooking of using low to medium heat while for boiling water, medium-high is already sufficient, so you might want to take note of that when buying this cookware.

This cookware is oven safe provided that it will not exceed 500°F.

Its tempered glass lid is tight-fitting to seal in nutrients and flavors of the food, but it can only be used in the oven for up to 350°F.

For stovetop cooking, flames extending to the sides of the pan should be avoided to ensure energy efficiency by focusing the heat to the bottom of the pan only which in turn, ensures heat is distributed evenly.

Cuisinart offers a lifetime warranty for purchases within the United States and Canada, provided that the cookware is for domestic use only.

Features

  • Hard anodized exterior
  • Measurement markings/fill lines
  • Unsurpassed heat distribution
  • Quantanium nonstick
  • Stay-cool handles for comfort
  • Tempered glass lid
  • Included pieces: 11” skillet; 10” skillet; 1.5-quart saucepan with glass cover; 3-quart sauté pan with glass cover; 8-quart stockpot with glass cover; and steamer insert. 7, 14 and 17 piece sets are available as well.

Pros

  • Energy efficiency because it heats up fast
  • Drip-free pouring
  • Lifetime warranty
  • Can be used in all stovetops
  • Handle holes for safe storage/stacking
  • Value for money
  • Free from harmful chemicals
  • Limited lifetime warranty

Cons

  • Not dishwasher safe
  • Lifetime warranty applies to the US and Canada only
  • Cannot tolerate metal utensils
  • Available in one color only (Black)

Customers Feedback

Customers were generally happy with their purchase because of the value for money and the cookware is not high maintenance, unlike other brands. They are easy to clean but beware of your cleaning procedure, as forewarned by other buyers because the wrong use of harsh soap or by simply using the dishwasher can ruin the interior and exterior coating.


4. Calphalon Classic Nonstick Hard-Anodized 14-Piece Cookware Set

Calphalon’s high-performance hard anodized cookware always captures the hearts of both professional and non-professional culinary communities. Such continuous embrace inspires the brand to innovate continuously and to provide its customers with different packages that suit their wants, needs, and budget for premium cookware sets.Calphalon Classic Nonstick Hard-Anodized 14-Piece Cookware Set

If you want to minimize the use of kitchen bits and pieces when cooking, the Classic Nonstick Hard Anodized Cookware can be your best cookware set.

Some select pots and pans have been designed with fill lines, pour spouts, and straining covers so you do not have to use additional utensils such as measuring cup, colander and strainer when cooking.

It also features a BPA-free silicone insert to recirculate boiling water back into the pot to avoid messy spills, and allow stirring and adding of seasoning from the center opening.

The cookware handles are stay-cool to allow the silicone insert to be removed easily without touching the hot pot.

This is dual-layer nonstick cookware that is made of hard anodized aluminum that is oven-safe for up to 450°F and can be used on almost all stovetops except induction.

The only dishwasher safe piece here is the silicone insert while the rest should be hand-washed only.

For storage, you can either hang the pots and pans on a rack or in a store flat in the cupboard.

Features

  • Hard anodized  aluminum construction with an interior of double layer nonstick
  • Pans have convenient fill lines, straining lids and pour spouts
  • Durable cookware set
  • Stay-cool stainless steel handles
  • Oven safe for up to 450°F
  • Set comes in 14 pieces including respective cover lids: fry pan; 10” fry pan; 12” fry pan with cover; 1.5-quart saucepan with cover; 2.5-quart saucepan with cover + no-boil-over insert; 3-quart sauté pan with cover; and 6-quart stock pan with cover + no-boil-over insert

Pros

  • Minimizes the use of additional kitchenware
  • Features spill-free boiling with silicone insert
  • Higher oven temperatures of 450°F
  • Toxic-free coating

Cons

  • It is not designed for induction
  • Cannot be used with dishwashing

Customer Feedback

Most customers were very pleased with the performance of this set. The nonstick interior is said to have a good food release and therefore very easy to use and clean just as advertised.


5. Amazon Brand – Stone & Beam Kitchen Cookware Set

This cookware set is made using powerful materials such as aluminum, stainless steel and glass with durable PTFE non-stick coating that sets it apart from other cookware brands in the market.Stone & Beam Kitchen Cookware Set

It is intended to ease life in the kitchen by providing a lifetime food release, easy cleaning, and healthy cooking. You might be worried about the mentioning of PTFE but again, nonstick cookware that is PTFE-coated is safe to use unlike PFOA and PTFO, which are both absent in this cookware.

Similar to other nonstick cookware in the market, the Stone & Beam cookware promotes equal heat distribution and tempered glass covers for venting.

The whole construction is seemingly durable as advertised, however, the manufacturer does not recommend using dishwasher and harsh dishwashing sponges.

Features

  • Made of 60% aluminum; 20% stainless steel; and 20% glass
  • With PTFE nonstick coating interior
  • Durable hard anodized exterior
  • Set consists of 17-Pieces; 1-quart saucepan with cover; 2-quart saucepan with cover; 3-quart saucepan with cover; 5-quart dutch oven with cover; 8” fry pan; 10” fry pan, nylon slotted spatula; and 1 nylon spoon

Pros

  • The set includes all basic pots and pans that you need when cooking
  • Can be hung for storage
  • Comfortable grip handles (but beware of overheating the cookware that may cause heat up on handles)
  • Non-toxic

Cons

  • Metal utensils cannot be used in this cookware
  • Not dishwasher safe
  • Not induction safe

Customers Feedback

This set has received a lot of positive customer reviews because of its quality, value for money, ease of use and cleaning. The heat is said to be evenly distributed throughout the cookware so there’s no hotspots while cooking. However, always be mindful of the heat level because handles tend to get hot even though the packaging says that it is a cool grip or stay cool.


6. Circulon Acclaim Hard Anodized Nonstick Cookware Pots and Pans Set

For cooking lovers who prefer to use metal utensils, this set by Circulon can be an answered-prayer-cookware for you.Circulon Acclaim Hard Anodized Nonstick Cookware Pots and Pans Set

Circulon boasts these 4 gotta-haves-for-everyday-cooking components as part of its cookware: 1) nonstick performance; 2) long-lasting durability; 3) even heat distribution; 4) easy cleanup.

You may notice by now that these qualities are already featured by other hard anodized cookware brands, but Circulon differs in the way it constructed their nonstick pots and pans.

First and foremost, Circulon made use of a Total nonstick system wherein the raised circles and premium nonstick interior of the cookware reduce the chances of risk abrasion brought about by metal utensils, as well as prevents chipping and staining by providing superior food release.

Moreover, both the interior and exterior are nonstick, so you never have to think about using the dishwasher because you can easily clean this cookware.

This is also twice the durability of stainless steel with very secured dual-riveted handles.

Features

  • PFOA-free, triple layer of premium quality metal utensil safe nonstick
  • Hard anodized nonstick that distributes heat evenly
  • Tempered glass lids for monitoring cooking progress without moisture loss
  • Oven safe for up to 400°F
  • Set consists of 13 Pieces; 1-qt saucepan with lid; 2-qt saucepan with lid; 3-qt saucepan with lid; 6-quart stockpot with lid; 8” frying pan; 9.5” frying pan; 12” frying pan: 3-quart sauté pan with lid; and 2 pieces 10”x 15” cookie pans. Also available in 15 Pieces
  • Colors available in Black and Red 

Pros

  • Entirely nonstick, both inside and out
    Metal utensils safe
  • Sleek exterior finish that is both beautiful whether in black or red set
  • Inclusion of cookie pans in the set (a bonus for baking lovers)

Cons

  • Though it is metal safe, still it is not induction safe

Customer Feedback

The majority of customers who purchased this cookware were satisfied in terms of the nonstick,  scratch resistance feature, heat distribution, and value for money. Some customers said that the cookware is safe to hang for storage because there is a metal ring at the top of each handle. This has not been mentioned as a feature or specification, but you may be glad to know since pictures show that the handles do not have holes for hanging purposes.


7. NutriChef 12-Piece Nonstick Hard Anodized Home Kitchenware

NutriChef is another maker that does not only create quality and durable cookware but also considers beauty and style to capture the heart of the culinary community.NutriChef 12-Piece Nonstick Hard Anodized Home Kitchenware

At first look, you may not notice it, but if you look closely, this 12-piece hard anodized nonstick pots and pans has a pattern of elegant, sleek ridgelines that offer a stylish touch. This pattern is carved on a hard anodized exterior that is highly heat resistant.

On the inside, you will enjoy cooking on a long-lasting nonstick coating that promises great food release, tossing, turning, healthy cooking, and superb easy-cleaning.

The cookware is equipped with stay-cool ergonomic, heat resistant handles for safe and comfortable use.

But what is very interesting about this set is that it is induction ready, in addition to its compatibility with different stovetops. Thanks to 18-25um, 4.0mm multi-layer of reinforced forged aluminum, you will do just fine with this set if your kitchen is loyal to induction.

Features

  • Hard Anodized aluminum set
  • It has cool-touch handles
  • Ready for induction use
  • Non-toxic interior
  • Available in Blue, Bronze, Brown, Red, and Teal
  • 12-piece set consists of 1.5-quart saucepan pot with lid; 3.4-quart dutch oven pot with lid; 2-quart cooking pot with lid; 11” large frypan; 9.5” medium frypan; 8” small frypan; 1 soup ladle; 1 pasta fork; and 1 spatula

Pros

  • Can be used in induction stove
  • Can withstand a maximum temperature of 500°F
  • Variety of colors to choose from
  • Stylish designs that can give aesthetic to your kitchen

Cons

  • It is induction-ready but still, keep away from metal utensils

Customer Feedback

Many customers love this cookware because of the construction quality of its interior and exterior . It comes highly recommended as a quality and durable set said to e worth every penny,


8. Gotham Steel Hard Anodized 13 Piece Premium Cookware Set

With a nonporous and dense hard-anodized aluminum exterior and premium nonstick interior, this  nonstick set is perfect for everyday cooking.Gotham Steel Hard Anodized 13 Piece Premium Cookware Set

It is among the first of its range where the interior is made of high-grade titanium and ceramic that makes up a superior food release system that eventually provides hassle-free cleaning and the best healthy cooking experience.

It features a dome tempered glass lid that allows you to monitor what you are cooking without needing to open the entire lid.

It is also tight-fit to trap a certain level of moisture and heat for a flavorful result.

Features

  • Copper-colored interior
  • Hard-anodized aluminum nonstick  cookware is reinforced with titanium and ceramic
  • Safe for dishwashing and oven use
  • Comes with clear and unbreakable glass for better monitoring of food being cooked
  • 13-piece includes: 8” skillet; 10” fry pan; 12.5” fry pan; 1.5-quart saucepan with lid; 2.5-quart saucepan with lid; 3-quart chef’s pan with lid; 3-quart sauté pan with lid; and 6-quart stockpot with lid

Pros

  • Sophisticated aesthetic mainly because of the copper ceramic interior
  • Can be used in a dishwasher
  • Toxic-free

Cons

  • Cannot be used on an induction stove

Customers Feedback

According to several customers, this is a great cookware set for all-around cooking because it’s high quality construction. Food slides off it smoothly which shows an excellent food release system.


9. Anolon Advanced Hard Anodized Nonstick Cookware Set

Looking for sophisticated-looking cookware in your kitchen? You may want to check out the Advanced Hard Anodized Nonstick Pots and Pans from Anolon that comes highly recommended.Anolon Advanced Hard Anodized Nonstick Cookware Set

You can choose from two available colors: Onyx and Bronze, which have an elegant graphite finish.

The pots and pans are some of the most quality ones you can buy from the market, featuring a comfortable grip on dual-riveted handles, break-free glass lid that can be used in the oven for up to 400°F, and premium nonstick on both the interior and exterior.

The brand logo is professionally and strategically engraved at the top of each handle.

Features

  • High cooking performance brought by heavy-duty hard anodized aluminum built that evenly distribute heat
  • Tulip-shaped profile with elegant black nonstick interior and tempered glass lids
  • Interiors are safe for metal utensils use
  • Oven safe
  • Dual-riveted stainless steel handles covered with high-quality rubber for a secured and comfortable grip
  • Set of 11 including: 8-Quart Stockpot with lid, 1.5- and 3-Quart Saucepans with lid,  12″ Covered Deep Skillet with Helper Handle, 8″ French Skillet and 3-Quart Covered Sauté1

Pros

  • Value for money
  • High-quality pots and pans
  • Free from harmful chemicals

Cons

  • The lids have no vent holes which can be a problem when cooking in high heat because you have to open it from time to time to avoid messy spout
  • Just like most brands, this is not induction- and dishwasher-ready

Customers Feedback

This cookware has some of the most positive reviews for having one of the most durable and high-quality non-stick coatings in the market. It is well embraced by both professional and non-professional communities.


10. All-Clad E785SB64 HA1 Hard Anodized Nonstick Cookware Set

All-Clad has constructed a cookware set with three powerful features that sets it apart from its competitors: an induction-compatible, dishwasher-safe and strong resistance against warp set.All-Clad E785SB64 HA1 Hard Anodized Nonstick Cookware Set

Almost all hard anodized cookware brands promise premium warp-resistance, but not the safe dishwasher and induction use. Therefore, this particular set can be all you ever wanted.

If you have never cooked using Al-Clad pots or pans before, you will find this set surprisingly great because the heat generation and distribution using low heat setting is already on the same level of medium to medium-high setting from other cookware brands. It makes you save energy by shortening cooking time without compromising the quality and taste of food.

Though the cookware is durable and long-lasting, it is still highly recommended to not use with metal utensils. Instead, it is best if you will use wooden or nylon utensils to avoid scratches on the coating. Overheating should also be avoided because it can cause stains or discoloration on the coating.

This cookware range is a bit pricey compared with other brands because they use the so-called “bonded metals” where many different metals are combined per cookware piece for optimum durability and cooking performance without creating harmful gases/chemical.

And when they say many different metals, those are the highest quality metals.

Features

  • Hard anodized aluminum construction for faster cooking and easy cleaning
  • PFOA-free non-stick coating with clear tight-fitting lids
  • Contoured stainless-steel handles with dual rivets for a secured hold
  • Oven and induction safe
  • Set includes: 8” fry pans; 10” fry pans; 12” fry pans; 2-quart and 3-quart saucepans with lids; 4-quart sauté pan with lid; 4-quart soup pot with lid; and 8-quart stockpot with lid

Pros

  • Compatibility to almost all stovetops, including induction
  • PFOA-free for safe cooking
  • You can use a dishwasher to clean this

Cons

  • A bit expensive

Customers Feedback

This cookware set might be one of the expensive cookware in the market, but it is worth the price as noted by many customers who were very satisfied with its quality and durability.


Conclusion

Offering a high cooking performance, hard anodized non-stick cookware is an innovative development in the kitchen that many take advantage of.

From materials used such as plain hard anodized aluminum to reinforced titanium to quantanium, this type of cookware is designed to make life easier, safer, and healthier. However, with great features come inevitable limitations such as most hard anodized nonstick is not designed for induction use.

Yes, there are 2 to 3 brands in the list that are induction-capable, but you must already embrace the fact that you might encounter many brands other than those mentioned here that cannot be used on induction as well as in dishwashers, and if you find one, expect it to be a bit expensive because of added precious metal in the mix to make that possible.

Moreover, some brands are now staying away from stereotyped, standard colors and finally offer a variety of colors and designs for this kind of cookware which affords you the chance to not only upgrade the performance of your cookware set but also your kitchen aesthetics.

Hard anodized non-stick cookware is far better than classic cookware. However, special features vary from one brand to another. Therefore, you have to assess what you are looking for in a cookware set. Things you have to check first are the durability, quality, materials used, cooking performance, and even the kind of warranty the brand offers.

We suggest that you take time to assess all the available hard anodized cookware options you have and keep in mind that inexpensive cookware sets do not equate to low quality, at the same time, the most expensive cookware on the market is not necessarily the highest quality of all.

You also have to do your part taking care of your cookware because no matter how durable, long-lasting it is, if you do not use, clean and store it properly, it will not last long. Always refer to the buyer’s guide, warning, and recommendations from the manufacturers for safety and proper maintenance of your valuable cookware.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *